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Volume XXXI



V. 5 1



Copyrighted 1925

BY THE Pennsylvania German Societj


publication Committee


BLMEB. B. s. Johnson, ph.d.





Contents ' ^

Officers of the Society ' ^

Minutes of the Meeting at Ephrata -

Report of the Secretary, Daniel W. Mead. M.D

Report of the Treasurer, J. E. Burnett Buckenham, M,D,

Address of the President, Rev. Paul de Schweinitz, D.D.

Election of Officers * ^

Biographical Sketches of Deceased Members ^ -

A History of the Tohickon Union Church Bedminster iown^ ship, Bucks County, Pennsylvania, with copy ot the Church ReLds, Reformed Congregation 1745-1869; Lutheran Con- gregation 1749-1840. Prepared and translated by Kev. William J. Hinke, Ph.D., D.D.


FOR 1920-1921 President: Gekerai. Hakky C. Tkexler, LL.D. Vice-Presidents: Hon. Charles L Landis LL.D. Hon. Henry C. Conrad, LL.U.

Secretary: Daniel W. Nead, M.D.

Treasurer: J. E. Burnett Buckenham, M.D.

Executive Committee: Terms expire in 1921.

BENJAMIN F. Fackenthal JR., ScD., Naaman H. Keyser, D D.b^, William K. T. Sahm, M.D.

Terms expire in 1922. Rev. George W. Sandt, D.D., Porter W. Shimer, Ph.D.,

WlLLL\M M. ScHNURE. Terms expire in 1923. H. M. M. Richards, Litt.D. Alfred Percival Smith, Esq., Ulysses S. Koons, Esq. Terms expire in 1924. Elmer E. S. Johnson, Ph.D., Henry S. Borneman, Esq., Charles R. Roberts.

Terms expire in 1925.

George A. Gorgas, Ph.G., Rev. John Baer Stoudt, H. WiNSLOw Fegley.





Thirtieth Anniversary of the Society's Existence ^ Held at Ephrata, Pennsylvania On Friday, October 8, 1920

T-HE Twenty-seventh Meeting of the Pennsylvania- T German Society, commemorating ^^e thirtieth year of its organization, was held in Ephrata, -J'^^^^J; October 8, 1920. The meeting was called to order fn^Bethany' Reformed Church at 2-20 P-M by the pres. dent Rev Paul de Schwemitz, D.D. Dr. H. M. m Schards hen asked permission to say a few words and sa'd that at the time the Society had held its annual meetmg n Ephrata, on October 20, 1899, the Ephrata Monumen Association had presented the Society w:th a gavel made ome of the wood of the old Brother-house, no longe in existence; that this gavel had been m the pos-»>on ot Rev. Dr. Theodore E. Schmauk, and that he now .e-pre sented it to the Society.

g The Pennsylvania-Gcrnmn Society.

At the time of the original presentation Dr. D. Rhine Hertz, of Ephrata, said:

..This gavel is made '--/-V^t'tSTor tL soldiers the ,Uich building had been used a. a hos^Ual ^^^^^ ^^^^ ^^^^ Battle of the Brandywme toughtSeptemb^^ ^^^^^

having died of pounds ^'l''^^ ^^^.^^^^ „j ti,ose who recovered.

death and burial and " condemned the building the society ot the Seventh °J ^^f^^'^,,,,,, ,,en a member of and had it torn down. Dr^ ^ J^^^ lumber and erected

the society and a "ZXts'Zl The piece of timber from

a building near by f''^' ^^^^^^ o.igtaally twenty feet long which this gavel has ''^^^ f ^^^7/3 Hi „,ed in three different and eight by ten inches thick. ^^J^^J>^ Konigmacher family buildings and through fl;^-''- rj^^acher. It is one hun- until it now is the property J^™" J ^^ erection of a ,.ed and /^.^ 7 men this gavel sounds the clos-

rSinr^nrng^^martrmembersacknowleage God is wisdom. God is strength! Love, Truth and Charity all in one. He gives us power and controls The work that here is done," President de Schweinit. accepted the gavel recalling memories of the P-^ious -etui, he M Ephrata.^^^^^

The invocation was then > Evans, D.D.

Invocation. Almighty God, our Heavenly Father

Vr.thP-r -ind we are Thv children, through TlTv^Lrir^oIr SdTnd savior. We thank Thee that

ha t"cre;ted us rational and intelligent beings, capaole ^^^^^^j

of knowingand ^^^^^^^^ ,,3 been cast

everhving God. \Ve | development of the

^^hX^Tnclp wS^^^^

r.fik ?■ ee o ? hv cl'.urch and the gospel of Thy King- Tom Sth'me - of grace, and the earnest of life and im-

Address of the President 7

mortality bevond the confines of this world. We thank r°ee for home and country, for all knowledge a^d Christian truth. We thank Thee for the benign mstitu tions of our land and nation, the ^P'^^'^f P^°^^=^° V^,! piety and enlightened scholarship ot our f^^^hers Help us to prove worthy of our precious mher.tance. e thank Thee that we, in Thy good providence, are permitted to meet and greet each other once more in annual session o our Society. We humbly pray Thee to meet us and greet us with Thy benediction. Preside over our assembly today and in all our deliberations give us a sanctified use of our privileges and opportunities. Grant that w-e as a So- ciety, mav continue to merit Thy favor and blessing and under Thy divine guidance deserve a continued exis ence Dear Father: Inasmuch as it hath pleased Thee to call out of our midst, by death, a number of our fellow members whose presence and counsel we greatly miss today, we pray Thee that out of the plentitude of Thy mercies m Chri t Tesus Thou wouldst comfort our sad hearts, and enab.e their 'loved ones to apprehend the Everlasting Arms stretched out for their refuge. We thank Thee for all tney wrought and taught and for the faithful I"^" dered Enable us all the more firmly to grasp Thy guiding hand, and may all the experiences we pass through only serve to bring us nearer and closer to Thee our divine Companion and Guide, through Jesus Christ, our Lord, Amen.

The President, Rev. Paul de Schweinitz, D.D., Secre- tary of Missions of the Moravian Church m America, then delivered his annual address, as follows: President's Addkess.

It certainly must be a great satisfaction to all of us to be permitted to meet again as members of the Penns>4vama German Society. Four years have sped by smce i-'-

g The Pennsylvania-German Society.

A V^^Hpv Foro-e November 2, 1916, years Z ^c^^in^r te'Ltlo^rand caUst.ophic events, that no one tires as yet to predict what will be the course of

'-zs:z::cz:^:7:^s:-^ aee^ea it w^e

TUedient to call no general meeting of the Society m 19 7 19 8 and 1919. so tSat this is the 27th. --1 meet- in,. althou<^h the Society is entering upon its 30th year

I'oriet^ts it has seemed to me, that perhaps after all i wild hive been a good thing if we had met durmg the :ryear. for the vefy purpose of being aiTorded an oppor- Tr^^ty o voice in actual publicly spoken word the unque.- tbn d loyalty to the United States and to democratic gov- Zent of these descendants of the early G«man settler, of Pennsvlvania. It was Judge \erkes, who at Reading t 1915 pointed out, that of all the various hyphenated societies which so abound in this land ot ours, our o^vn s he only one which puts the name of our country and State first we are Pcn^k^an^a-Germans, not G.ri»<in-Pennsyl- , Sans. From colonial days even unto the P-se=n Ji- the lovaltv of Pennsylvanians of early German descent to our S ate and to ou'r nation has been wholehearted, un- gLg ng and without reservation. Pennsylvania-Gennan have net-er in all the two and a quarter centuries of thm history in the Colony, Province, and State made any use o S^Sr Americanism to further schemes in countries aero the seas or to influence movements and agitations m other ttions, which can not perhaps be affirmed so positive^ of all other citizens of our land. Pennsylvania-German, have been native-born, thoroughgoing Americans for six p-enerations and more.

The publications of this Society have revealed m a most str kin<. way the far-reaching services of the Pennsylvania- Germans to this State and to the United States m times ot war and peace, and notably in the War of Independence T the Civil War, in the Spanish-American War, and

Address of the President 9

now in the World War, in the aftermath of which we are still living. All that was needed m 1917 and 1918 was to scan the rosters of the troops recruited in Pennsylvania, as published in the daily papers, to see how many Pennsyl- vania-Germans rallied to the colors, ready to make the supreme sacrifice for our country. The fact that the an- cestors of many of our men a hundred and fifty and two hundred years ago had come from Germany, and that many of them had kept up the ancestral language and dialect, did not affect their loyalty in the remotest degree.

I judge that many of us could tell interesting stories of the peculiar and amusing situations which arose in connec- tion with some the Pennsylvania regiments in the Ameri- can Army of Occupation, when quartered along the Rhine. The surprise of the German Palatines in finding that many of these American soldier boys understood and spoke their owTi dialect, and yet were thoroughgoing Americans, fur- nished the background for many unique incidents m the days following the signing of the armistice.

And it seems to me, that it is proper in this connection to pay a deserved tribute to the loyalty of millions of Ger- mans'and of those of German descent throughout out coun- try. It is said that the ex-Kaiser counted upon the sup- port of his former subjects in this country, when he per- sisted in his foolhardy purpose of defying our Government in 1917 and of driving us into the war. Never was a man more totally deceived in his calculations. The number ot those who proved disloyal was so small as to be almost negligible, and unstinted praise should be given to our for- eign-born citizens of even comparatively recent immigra- tion. ,

The temptation is strong to indulge in remarks on tne course of our country, or rather of the legislative and ex- ecutive branches of our Government in Washington since the signing of the armistice, but as v/e are in the midst of a political campaign, everything that might be saia

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u hp interpreted from a partisan point of view, and ra vouM e unfortunate, as out Society has_ nothing to 121 partisan politics. Let us ^ope that atter the po- litical campaign is over, and our new President has been inlulrared and our new Congress has been seated, they viU C wise enough to find some means of retr:evmg the g d name of our nation and of regaining at eas some o the prestige which has been so deplorably lo-t Vv hen we think of the hich ideals with which we entered the great tu..l , and of how little has been accomplished of that or ^hi h our boys gave their lives, we are mdeed de- pres ed. Let us hope that 1921 will brmg read- •ustments, and may all of us Pennsylvan:ans find some means for making our influence, be it great or small, el for the establishment of righteous government and u= social and economic conditions. And may the - of f nations guide our leaders and rulers out of the present tur- moil into real world peace !

Permit me now to turn to our own Society On Thurs- day, February 26, 1891, there met in the ^1°-;-" f !' sonlge at Lancaster, Pa., at the invitation ot the Re^ J Max Hark D.D., the then Moravian Pastor of Lancaster, J iter a few informal consultations, considerable correspon- den e and some articles in the newspapers, eighteen men torn nine counties of eastern Pennsyh^nia for the purpos of organizing a Pennsylvania-German Society. The=e e gli tn men wxre after Jards denominated the "Founders" ot the Society. Arranged according to counties they were:

Carbon County: E. H. Ranch.

C/iMfgr County: Julius F. Sachse. '

Dauphin County : W. H. Egle, E. W. S. Parthemore, Maurice

C Ebv

Lancaster County : H. A. Brickenstein, J. Max Hark, Frank 1 DiffenderfTer, Robert Koch Buerhle, John Summers Stahr.

Address of the President n Lebanon County: Lee L. Grumbine, Theodore E. Schmauk. Lehigh County: Ed^vin Albright, A. R. Home. Luzerne County : F. K. Levan.

Northampton County: Paul de Schweinitz, Jeremiah S. Hess. York County: Hiram Young.

In the more than twenty-nine years that have gone by since then nearly all of these gentlemen have been called to the land where wars and tumults cease, and where pre- sumably only one language is spoken. At all events ot these eighteen "Founders", only three remain: Frank K. Diffendertter, of Lancaster, Pa., Jeremiah S. Hess of Hel- lertown. Pa., and Paul de Schweinitz, of Bethlehem, Pa., the present speaker. .

What has been accomplished in these twenty-nme years. Is the purpose, which the Founders had m view, being brought to fulfilment? In the first Annual Meeting o the Society held in Lancaster, Pa., on Wednesday, April 15 1891 a Constitution was adopted, the second Article of' which sets forth the object of the Society's existence, and among various things this one point is specially em- phasized- "to publish documents as shall set torth the part belonging to the Pennsylvania- German in the growth and development of American character, institutions and

progress "

In pursuance of this purpose twenty-seven splendid vol- umes, really magnificently illustrated, largely through tne efforts of our late esteemed Treasurer and President, Julius F Sachse have been issued. These volumes are rich m his- torical and genealogical lore and have thrown a flood of lio-ht on the real character and worth of our people, and ot the part thev have played in the nation's upbuilding. These volumes have enjoyed a rather wide distribution and have found their way into many libraries, public ana

private. _ y^.

But have they accomplished their purpose? Ha= tn


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tack which the Society set itself, been in any large measure fulfilled? Have the contents of these volumes permeated the consciousness of the American people general? Has the general attitude of the American public towards the Pennsylvania-Germans been affected to any great extent?

This year elaborate celebrations are bemg held m bng- land, Holland and America to commemorate the tercente- nary of the landing of the "Pilgrim Fathers" at Plymouth in 1620 The whole nation is bemg called upon to share in these celebrations. National and international com- mittees have been formed. The "Pilgrim Fathers are beincv presented as almost the sole founders ot our nation, and to them is being ascribed all the blessings ot religious and civil liberty, which we enjoy, and all our progress and wonderful development is being traced to them. Do you think that in any of these celebrations any reference at all will be made to those heroic pioneers, who had such a large share in settling and developing this great Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and who played an essential part in es- tablishing the nation in the War of Independence and at the time of the adoption of the Federal Constitution and in saving the Union in 1861-65? We of covirse have not the sli-htest desire to detract from the honor being paid to the "Pilgrim Fathers," and we rejoice in all the blessings that have flowed to this nation and to the world at large, because of what thev did and because of the principles which thev maintained. But it is well to remember, tnat not all the people who established this nation and made it great came over in the Mayftoiver.

A good, genuine Pennsylvania-German, who however now resides in a western State, wrote to me some weeks ago and suggested that it might be a good thing to repub- lish' a paper read before this Society at its meeting m York on October 11, 1893, in the midst of these "Pilgrim Fatliers" celebrations, to call attention to the lact that some of the people w-ho came over in the good ship "Catharine

Address of the President I3

also had something to do with the religious development of our country, as well as those who came over m the Mayflower. The paper alluded to was published m the fourth volume of our Proceedings and is entitled The German Moravian Settlements in Pennsylvama 1733-1800 This paper covers pages 54-72 inclusive of Volume IV. Upon the receipt of this letter my first thought was to rehearse the substance of that paper, which I prepared in 1893, as the main part of my presidential address at this meeting But on second thoughts I will content myself with referring all those interested to Volume IV. of our Proceedings, page 54 and following, for an account of those German Moravian Pennsylvania Pilgrims, who almost two centuries ago "came to these shores prepared to give and gave their lives not upon field of battle, but in the heroical- ly unselfish endeavor to build up the moral, intellectual and spiritual characters of the, in these particulars, destitute dwellers in this since then so richly favored Province and


But that letter did bring sharply to my consciousness how little impression we have after all made upon the gen- eral American writing and speaking public, and that the work of our Society is by no manner of means finished, and that only a very small beginning has been made towards fulfilling one of the primary objects of its existence.

This has suggested to me the suitability of calling to your attention an almost unknown fact of American his- tory. .

If I were to ask: "Which is the first American Foreign Mission Board and who were the first American Foreign Missionaries?" even otherwise well-informed missionary students would instantly arwvver: "The American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions of Boston, Mass., organized 1810 and incorporated 1812, and the first mis- sionaries were Adoniram Judson and his wife Ann Hassc - tine Judson." And yet both these statements are incorrect.

Xhe Pennsylvania-German Society.

The first American missionary society was 'The Society of the United Brethren for Propagating the Gospel among the Heathen," the incorporated missionary society of the Moravian Church in America, a corporation existing by and under the laws of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, having its principal office in Bethlehem, Pa. This society was organized in 1745; reorganized in 1787, and incor- porated by special act of the Legislature of the State of Pennsylvania, Wednesday, Februarys 27, 1788, twenty-four years before the American Board secured its charter. The legislature of Massachusetts strongly opposed the granting of a charter to the American Board, and it was only after a prolonged struggle that the charter was finally granted on June 20, 1812, while the Pennsylvania legislature cheerfully and gladly granted this Moravian Society its charter almost a quarter of a century earlier, and granted it such wide powers and functions, that it has never been necessary to apply for an amendment to its charter in all these 132 years.

Adoniram Judson and wife, Ann Hasseltine Judson, sailed from Salem, Mass., for Calcutta, India, on February 19, 1812, and they have ever been held to be the first American Foreign Missionaries, and have been celebrated in song, and story, and history and monuments, and the supposed fact, that they were the first American Foreign Missionaries, has been cut in stone and cast in bronze.

But Susan Elizabeth Funk, born in Germantown, Penn- sylvania, Novmber 18, 1721, married to George Kaske on !^Iay 18, 1746, went that year as a Foreign Missionary to Berbice, Demerara (British Guiana), South America, 66 years before the Judsons went to India.

Eight years ago a friendly, fraternal controversy sprang up between the American Board of Boston, Mass. (the Foreign ^^li^sion Board of the Congregationalist Church), and the ^.loravian Board of Bethlehem, Pa., on this point. The American Board claimed that the Moravian Board

Address of the President 15

worked only among the Indians of this country, and there- fore that it was not a Foreign Mission Board, and even if it did send out missionaries abroad, they were Germans, and not Americans. This friendly controversy sprang out 01 some articles in The Sunday-School Times. The late Rev. William H. Romig, at that time Pastor of the Moravian Church at Easton, Pa., took the matter up, and induced the present speaker to get the Archivists of the Church, Dr. Josef Mueller of Herrnhut, Saxony, and Dr. William Schwartze of Bethlehem, Pa., to. make investiga- tions, which resulted in rescuing from oblivion the names not of one or tz.'o native-born American Moravian Foreign Missionaries, who went forth from this country to preach the Gospel in foreign parts before iVdoniram Judson sailed, but of seventeen. Many more missionaries went out, but all these were American born, and with two or three ex- ception all Pennsylvania born, and went forth from Beth- lehem, Pa. With characteristic Pennsylvania-German reticence their going forth was marked by no blare of trumpets, and their names were forgotten even in their own Church, being buried in their Archives, but the fruit of their labors remains in the islands of the sea and in the uttermost parts of the earth, and their deeds, and their names, are recorded in the archives of heaven.

In an editorial of some length in The Sunday-School Times of May 24, 1913, the editor graciously admits that the priority of missionary fame belongs to these Pennsyl- vania-German Moravians; the Secretary of the American Board, not quite so graciously, admits that the historic facts can not be denied, but asserts that the American Board had much more influence in developing the mission- ary awakening of America than the Moravian Board, which we will modestly and cheerfully admit. But the fact remains that at least seventeen native-born Am.encans, Pennsylvanians, went out as foreign missionaries, beiore Adoniram Judson sailed from Salem, Mass., for Caluctta.

jhe Pennsylvania-German Society.

India, on February 19, 1812. So, as the Rev. Mr. Romig write at the time, "the honor comes back from New Eng- land to Pennsylvania."

The list of these seventeen missionaries, with very brief biographical notes, appeared in the Church paper The Morazian of the issue of September 4, 1912. It ^MOuld be very drv reading to repeat that list now, but the names are worthy of record, and if this address is to appear m the published Proceedings of our Society, then the list should be inserted here, for surely these Pennsylvania-Germans are worthy of all honor, and their names should be per- petuated.

In the article alluded to the Rev. Mr. Romig writes as foUow^s :

••The storv of these early missionaries should be told in such a form that it will become not only a part of the history of the Mo- ravian Church but of the history of America. There is many a story of heroic devotion hidden in the shelves of Moravian archives in different places that should be put into such a form that it will become a part of the general- missionary literature of the Christian Church. The contributions to history made by these recent re- searches and in this communication have their value, but after all they only form a record in outline, and cannot but prove to be dry reading to many. Nevertheless with the hope that it may con- tribute to correct history and may encourage others to restore these devoted men and women to a living place in our literature, the list is given with the names in the order of the time of their service.

1 SrsAN Elizabeth Kaske, m.n. Funk, born in Germantown, Pa November 18, 1721; was converted under the preaching of Count Zii^endorf in 1741; removed to Bethlehem, Pa., in 1743; was mar- ried to George Kaske, missionary to Berbice, British Guiana, South America. May 18, 1746. She served in this mission till 1763. She died at Bethlehem. Pa.. July 28, 1804. Her husband died at Nazareth, in June, 1795.

To Susan Elizabeth Kaske probably belongs the honor of being the first Protestant American Missionary to foreign lands. If so, the honor goes to a woman whose life's story, so far as the wTiter knows has never been published. She went to the mission Seld

Address of the President


sixty-six years before the time of Adoniram Judson and his wife, Ann Hasseltine.

2 Mary Heap, second wife of Joseph Shaw, a member of the First Moravian Church of Philadelphia, Pa. The place and date of her birth is not given, but she was an American. She perished at sea with her husband in October, 1747, on their way to St. Thomas, in the West Indies. Joseph Shaw was born in Little Ryder Street, near St James, London, England. He came to Philadelphia from Lon- don on the ship Catherine, Capt. Thomas Gladman, arriving June 7, 1743. He was a school teacher at the Indian Mission at Shecomeko, 1745-1746, and later pastor at Walpack in the Jersey Minnesinks. His first wife was Mar^^ Jones, of the First Moravian Church, of Philadelphia. Their sad fate in some storm at sea arouses our in- terest. We would like to learn more of them.

3. John Levering, born in Philadelphia, in December, 1723. He was a grandson of Gerhard Levering, one of the pioneers of Rox- borough, Philadelphia. He entered the home mission work in Penn- sylvania. In June, 1756, he was, ^-ith his wife, stationed in the Moravian School at Nazareth. In February, 1759, he sailed for Jamaica. West Indies, where he died, after a short service in the mission.

John Levering was probably the first American to go as an or- dained missionary to the heathen in foreign lands. He probably belonged to the well-known Levering family, of which the Hon. Joshua Levering, of Baltimore, Md., and the late Bishop J. M. Levering, D.D., of Bethlehem, Pa., were the most distinguished members.

4. Sa£.^h Bechtel, wife of John Levering, was the daughter of John Bechtel, of Germantown, Philadelphia, who united with the Moravians, under Count Zinzendorf's ministry. After John Lever- ing's death, she remained in Jamaica and in 1761 married John Merk, a missionary and native of Switzerland. They returned at a later time to Bethlehem, Pa., where John Merk died in 1796.

5. John Antes, born March 24, 1740, in Frederick Township. Philadelphia, missionary to Cairo, Egypt, from 1769 to 1782, died in Bristol, England, in 1811.

John Antes was a famous missionary; he belonged to the pio- neer mission to Egypt which failed after heroic efforts, and after John Antes had suffered the tortures of the bastinado which made him lame for life. It is noticeable that these first American missionaries were na-

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tive Philadelphians. The city, and especially the Moravian Churcb of Philadelphia, is honored by the record that they made.

6 M^BiA Mabgaset Auebbach, m.n. Zerb, was born at Tul- pehocken. Pa., October 3, 1728; was married to her third husband, John Christian Auerbach, in 1769, and served with him in the Danish West Indian Mission till 1792. She died at Bethlehem, Pa.

7. John Bbuckeb, born at Nazareth, Pa., July 12, 1750; mis- sionary in the Danish West Indies from 1771 to 1778. Died Octo- ber 12. 1778, on the Island of St. Thomas.

8. A>-NA Masia Ji:ngma>'N, wife of John Brucker, born at Beth- lehem. Pa., March 10, 1746, married on the island of St. Thomas in March, 1775, and died at New Herrnhut, St. Thomas, December 29, 1782.

9. DA\^D Beck, born near Savannah, Georgia, September 21, 1744. From 1773 to 1780, missionary to the Danish West Indies. Died January 9, 1780, at Friedrichsthal, on the island of St. Croix. His wife was born in Greenland.

10. John P^sedeeick Schlegel, born at Nazareth, Pa., June 9, 1753. From 1785 to 1791, missionary on the islands of St. Croix and St. Jan. Died May 30, 1805, at Graceham, Marj-land.

11. Anna Rosina Mack, wife of John F. Schlegel, was born at Patchogue, Long Island, New W^ork, August 15, 1761, married May 9, 17S5, and died at Bethlehem, Pa., December 4, 1831.

12. Samuel Steup, born at Gnadenthal, near Nazareth, Decem- ber 19. 1757. From 1789 to 1791, missionary on the island of Antigua. Died August 15, 1822, at Bethlehem, Pa.

13. Anna Kbogsteup, wife of Samuel Steup, born at Bethle- hem. Pa., March 15, 1758; married at Bethlehem, April 28, 1789; died before her husband, but date not given.

14. Christine Fritz, m.n. Loesch, born in Tulpehocken, Pa., June 26, 1733. married to John Christian Fritz in 1774 and served with him in the mission on the island of Barbados, from 17S9 to 1793. She died at Nazareth, November 22, 1806.

15. Agnes Reichel, m.n. Peters, born at Nazareth, Pa., Septem- ber 18, 1762. Was married to John Frederick Reichel in May, 1791, and served in the mission on the islands of St. Kitts and Antigua until her death at Gracebay, Antigua, January 23, 1798.

16. Sus-vN Catherine Elizabeth Schl-xtz, m.n. Loesch, was born at Nazareth, Pa., July 31. 1771. She was married in October, 1799, to Theodore Schultz and served in the mission in Surinam, South America, from 1799 to 1807. She died at Salem, North Caro- lina, in 1855. Her husband died at the same place in 1850.

Address of the President


17. Hannah L»angballe, m. n. Warner, was born at Gnadenhut- ten. Pa., in 1771. She was married to Thomas Langballe, mission- ary to Surinam, in 1805, and died there August 1, 1806.

This completes the list of American missionaries who served in Moravian Mission fields prior to the year 1812, as far as is at pres- ent known. Nothing is noted in it concerning those who served as missionaries among the Indians of our own country or concern- ng foreign bom missionaries. Our friends of other Churches have a noble record in the first American missionaries sent out by the American Board. We would not take away their honor nor dimin- ish it. Those devoted men and women deserve even wider recog- nition than they have received. Correct history, however, will place the American missionaries, of the Moravian Church, in point of time at least, in advance of them. We Moravians, however, can- not live on the honors that our spiritual forefathers fairly won by consecrated and devoted service. If we would keep up the pace that they have set for us in missions at home and abroad it will require devotion and sacrifice." Boston, Pa., Ausrust 27, 1912.

It will be noted that the majority of these are Petinsyl- vanians, and Pennsylvanians of German descent.

Thus theoretically these facts have been before the American public eight years, but no perceptible impression has been created, and I still hear the American Board spoken of as the oldest American Foreign Mission Board even by my colleagues of the Committee of Reference and Counsel, the executive of the Foreign Mission Conference of North America. And this in spite of the fact that in the Year Book published by the Foreign Missions Confer- ence the Society for Propagating the Gospel is properly and correctly listed.

A short time ago the genial secretary of the Board of Foreign Missions of the Reformxed Church in America ad- vised me to advertise this historic fact in some strikmg way. Following his suggestion I have since then inserted on the official letter head of the Society for Propagating the Gospel in red ink the line:

"Organized 1745; Reorganized 1787; Incorporated 1788."

20 The Pennsylvania^German Society.

Let us hope that this will gradually percolate even unto New England! ^

But all this brings me back, so to speak, to my origmal text, that our Society still has a great work to do. We need to dig out of forgotten documents and records, what our people have done for the welfare of our State and nation and of the world at large, and then publish the same, 'and persistently call attention to the same. Not m any spirit of vainglorious boasting, but in order that proper recognition may be given to all the elements that have built up our national greatness, and in order that the valuable traits of Pennsylvania-German character may be made available and utilized for the State and nation in both its national and international relationships.

The Secretary, Dr. D. W. Nead, of Reading, then sub- mitted the following:

Annual Report of the Secretary. To THE Officers and Members of the Pennsylvania- German Society:

As you all know, for the three years last past the Annual Meetings of the Society have been omitted. This was not done without considerable thought and debate among the members of the Executive Committee, and such a course was only decided upon because it was felt that the best in- terests 'of the Societly demanded it. There was some of this action of the Executive Committee on the part of some of the members, but the Committee felt that its action was fully justified.

During these years the Executive Committee has not been idle. Four regular quarterly meetings have been held each year. During 1920 the meetings were held on January 22, at Philadelphia; April 21, at Philadelphia; June 25, at Reading, and October 8, at Ephrata.

Report of the Secretary.


The business of the Society has been looked after as carefully as in other years. The financial condition of the Society is excellent, as will be more fully explained by the Treasurer.

During the past year the Society has met with an irre- parable loss in the deaths of Rev. Dr. Theodore E. Schmauk and Dr. Julius F. Sachse. Both of these gentlemen were among the Founders of the Society and during its entire existence were members of the Executive Committee, Dr. Schmauk being chairman of the committee for twenty-twt> years. During the entire life of the Society Dr. Sachse has had charge of the preparation and illustration of the annual volumes. Their loss is a serious blow and it calls for closer cooperation on the part of the members of the Society in order that the high standard of the Society's work may be maintained.

Since our last meeting the following members have died :

William Adam Seibert, M. D., October 7, 1919.

Rev. Charles Samuel Wieand, October 7, 1919.

Andrew Hamilton McClintock, October 7, 1919.

William Lincoln Shindel, M.D., October 26, 1919.

Julius Friedrich Sachse, Litt.D., November 15, 1919.

Rev. Eli Keller, D.D., December 31, 1919.

Frank Melchior Horn, February 19, 1920.

Rev. Jacob Fry, D.D., February 19, 1920.

Luther Jackson Bricker, March 7, 1920.

Rev. Theodore Emanuel Schmauk, D.D., LL.D., March 23, 1920.

W^illiam Edelman, March 24, 1920.

George Steinman, March 31, 1920.

William Jacob Heller, April 1, 1920.

Rev. Myron Oscar Rath, May 6, 1920.

Samuel Philips Heilman, M.D., September 11, 1920.

The Society lost through other causes during the year: Marcus S. Hottenstein,


The Pennsylvania-German Society.

Samuel Shoemaker, Rev. Harry C. Kline, Rev. Aaron C. R. Keiter, J. Kennedy Stout, John S. Gleim.

' At the meeting of the Executive Committee in October, IqVs Rev Dr. Jacob Fry resigned the position o presa- fe t'a^d Albert K. Hostetter and Franklin A. Uck^-e- si^ned as vice-presidents. Their places v.'ere filled b> .ne Son of Rev. Dr. L. Kryder Evans as pres.d^n and Dr. Frank Reid Diffendertter and Ed^vard h. Renin er as vice-presidents. At the meeting m October^ 1919. Dr. Evans resigned as president and Rev. Paul de Schweinuz, D D was elected to till the vacancy.

Our president has just said that the work ot the Penn- svK-ania-German Society is not completed; th^t there . much vet to be done, and I want to impress that f.ct r our minds. The Society has established a -pu a- uon on account of its publications w^ach we tain. Not long ago the librarian ot one ot tne -^se-t 'i braries in New England told a gentleman that the Penn- sylvania-German Society issued the finest volume, ot any patriotic organization. This is high praise, but we ma., have the co-operation of our members to maintain it As tl ancient Israelites could not make bricks without straps ..-e cannot print books unless we have the ma erial to put into them. There is plenty of material to work on and no lack of good writers to work up this material. What want to get the members interested. Try to get some new m'embers and make up your mind to write a paper on some subject of historic interest, and then take up t.e matter with the Secretary.

Daniel W. Nead,


Report of the Treasurer


Report of the Treasurer.

The Treasurer, Dr. J. E. Burnett Buckenham, then pre- sented the following report:

Report of the Treasurer of the Pennsylvania- German Society. October 4, ipip September jo, ip20. Db.

Balance in the Penn National Bank, October 3, 1919 $1,749.65


Annual dues $766.50

Interest on Bonds 103.74

Publications sold 48.00 918.24



Dues, Pennsylvania Federation of Historical So- cieties, 1920 2.00

Penn National Bank, safe deposit box 5.00

Insurance on Proceedings 11.25

Postage, expressage and stationery. Secretary. . . 10.00 P. C. Stockhausen, printing, stationery and half- tones 113.00

Electro-Tint Engraving Co., zinc plate 2.53

W. H. Hoskins, stationery 6.00

New Era Printing Co., postage and sundries. .... 4.63


Balance in the Penn National Bank, September 30, 1920 $2,513.48



2 Electric & Peoples Traction Company 4 per cent Bonds,

$500.00 each $1,000.00

1 United States Liberty Loan Bond, $1,000.00 1,000.00


Respectfully submitted, (Signed) J. E. Burnett Buckenham,


24 The Pe^msylvania-German Society.

The Secretary then presented the following report of the Auditing Committee :

We, the undersigned, appointed by the President of the Pennsylvania-German Society to audit the accounts of the Treasurer, J. E. Burnett Buckenham, M.D., namely, from Oct. 1, 1918, to October 3, 1919, and from Oct. 4, 1919, to Sept. 30, 1920, do hereby report that we have examined the said accounts and find them correct, principal and income, items of charge and discharge contained therein and that the assets of the said Society are as stated in said accounts.

(Signed) Alfred Percival Smith, (Signed) Ulysses S. Koons, (Signed) Henry S. Borneman, October 6, 1920. Auditors.

Election of Officers. During the three years that no annual meetings were held, some of the officers whose terms had expired, were re-appointed by the Executive Committee. Whereupon on motion the action of said committee was ratified and approved.

The next business being the election of officers. Dr. H. M. M. Richards, Chairman of the Executive Committee, presented the following nominations:

President: General Harry' C. Trexler

Vice-Presidents: Hon. Charles I. Landis, LL.D. Hon. Henry C. Conrad, LL.D.

Secretary: Daniel W. Nead, M.D.

Treasurer: J. E. Burnett Buckenham, M.D.

Report of the Secretary.


Executive Committee. Terms expire 1922. Rev. George W. Sandt, D.D., Porter W. Shimer, Ph.D., .William M. Schnure.

Terms expire 1923. H. M. M. Richards, Litt.D., Alfred Percival Smith, Esq., Ulysses S. Koons, Esq.

Terms expire 1924. Elmer E. S. Johnson, Ph.D., Henry S, Borneman, Esq., Charles R. Roberts.

Terms expire 1925. George A. Gorgas, Ph.G. Rev. John Baer Stoudt, H. WiNSLOW Fegley.

There being no further nominations, on motion the action of the Executive Committee in re-appointing members of that committee during the years in which no annual meet- ings were held, vras approved and on further motion the Secretary was instructed to cast the ballot for those placed in nomination at this meeting, and they were declared duly, elected.

Mr. H. Winslow Fegley, of Reading, then read a paper entitled "Among Some of the Older Mills in Eastern Penn- sylvania," after which Prof. Marcus B. Lambert, of Allen- town, described to the members the plan he was pursuing in making a Pennsylvania-German Dictionary. He said that his collection of Pennsylvania-German words already numbered more than twice as many as were contained in

26 The Pennsylvania-German Society.

all the other lexicons published, and he asked the assist- ance of the members of the Society in gathering other words, particularly such as were peculiar to certam lo- calities.

A resolution was adopted thanking the officers and mem- bers of Bethany Reformed Church of Ephrata for the privilege of holding the meeting in their building, after whichrat 4:30 P. M., the meeting adjourned.

Daniel W. Nead,


Biograpbical Sketcbes of Deceaseb riDembers of tbe penns^lvania^^ German Society

William Adam Seibert, M.D. Rev. Charles Samuel Wieand. Andrew Hamilton McClintock, Esq. William Lincoln Shindel, M.D. Julius Friedrich Sachse, Litt.D. ^ : ; .

Rev. Eli Keller, D.D. Frank Melchior Horn. Rev. Jacob Fry, D.D. Luther Jackson Bricker.

Rev. Theodore Emanuel Schmauk, DD., LL.D. William Edelman. : George Stein man. William Jacob Heller. Rev. Myron Oscar Rath. Samuel Philips Heilman, M.D.

Biographical Sketches of Deceased Members.


Waiiam Adam Siebert, M.D.

Dr. William Adam Seibert was born February 10, 1859, in Lowhill township, Lehigh county, Pa., and passed away at Easton, Pa., October 7, 1919. He was. descended from colonial Pennsylvania-German stock on both his father's and mother's side, and from both eligible to membership in the Pennsylvania-German Society, to which he was ad- mitted July 19, 1899. His paternal emigrant ancestor was Nicholas Seibert, born in South Prussia 1716 and came to America in 1738. He was the son of Owen and Matilda (Miller) Seibert, who moved to Easton during his early life, and that city later became the scene of his long and distinguished career. In 1875 he graduated at the Stevens Institute of Business and in 1878 from Traugh's Academy, Easton, Pa., where he prepared for entrance to Lafayette College, from which he was graduated with honor in the class of 1882. After leaving college he began the study of medicine in the office of that American pioneer of Homeo- pathy, Dr. Henry Detwiller. He graduated from the Bos- ton University School of Medicine in 1885 and then served on the staflF of the Grove Hill Hospital and the Massachu- setts Homeopathic Hospital. He returned to Easton in 1887 and entered upon the practice of his profession.

Dr. Seibert was held in the highest esteem, alike by his professional brethren, his patients and the community. His earnestness and progressive spirit