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THE

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NEW YORK BOTANICAL

\ CARDVi'i

FLORAL MAGAZINE

COMPRISING

JfigitKS rntb gumptions

OF

POPULAR GARDEN FLOWERS.

BY THE

RET. H. H0NYW00D DOIBRAIN, A.B.

THE DEAWINGS BY WOETHINGTON G. SMITH, F.L.S.

VOL. IX.

LONDON :

L. REEYE & CO., 5, HENRIETTA STREET, COVENT GARDEN.

1870.

SAVTLL,

U>39

/m

LONDON :

EDWARDS AND CO., PRINTERS, CHANDOS STREET, COVENT GARDEN.

INDEX.

Plate

Abutilon Megapotamicum Marmoratum 487

Achimenes : Admiration and Masterpiece 505

Alyssum Alpestre 491

Auriculas, Alpine : Selina, Black Prince, and Monarch 489

Azalea: Marie Henriette 498

Bertolonia Primulseflora 471, 472

Cattleya Quinquecolor 511

Chrysanthemums : Globosa and Beauty of Stoke . . 470

Chrysanthemums, Japanese : Sol and Sultan 474

Cinerarias : Princess Teck, Orb of Day, Chancellor 493

Clematis : Miss Bateman, Mrs. Lister, Lord Napier, and Lady Londes-

borough 495, 496

Cyclamen Persicum Giganteum 488

Cypripedium Dominianum 499

Dahlia : Fanny Gair 467

Delphinium Nudicaule 512

Dendrobium Schroederii . 502

Epacris Hyacinthiflora Carminata 486

Fuchsias: Clarissa and Champion 468

Gaillardia Picta, var. Splendida 480

Gladiolus : Orphee and Horace 507, 508

Hippeastrum Leopoldi 475, 476

Hyacinth : Lord Melville 482

Iberis Gibraltarica 500

Lilium Thunbergianum Bicolor 504

Lilium Tigrinum Splendens and Lilium Litchlinii 509, 510

Masdevallia Veitchii 481

Miltonia Regnelli Purpurea 490

Oncidium Kramerianum 465

IV

INDEX.

PLATE

Oncidium Varicosum, var. Rogersii 477

Oncidium Crispum Grandiflorum 485

Pelargonium, Bicolor, W. R. Morris 466

Pelargonium, Nosegay : Stanstead Rival 473

Pelargoniums : Charlemagne and Holkar 501

Penstemons : Agnes Laing and Stanstead Surprise 469

Picotee, Tree : Prince of Orange 484

Psycliotria Cyanococca 479

Rose, Hybrid perpetual : Marquise de Mortmarte 483

Rose, Hybrid perpetual : Louis Van Iloutte 497

Rose, Hybrid perpetual: Mdlle. Eugenie Verdier 503

Rose, Tea : Madame Ducher 494

Tropamlum : Minnie Warren 506

Verbenas: Kate Lawden, Rising Sun, and Rev. J. Dix 478

Viola Cornuta : Perfection 492

Worthington G. Smith.dd et lith

Vincent Spooks .Day &Son,Imp

Plate 465.

ONCIDIUM KRAMERIANUM.

The imitative forms of many plants and insects are well known, and are in no tribe of plants more remarkable than in the orcliidacese. Even amongst our native orchids this is seen, and the bee and fly orchis are known to those lovers of wild flowers who ramble over our chalky downs ; the beautiful Peristeria or dove plant is another example of this, but perhaps in none is it more remarkable than in the species Oncidium Papilio and Papilio Major. Few persons for the first time admitted into an orchid house where these are in bloom, and ignorant of their existence, but would be ready to exclaim, What a fine butter- fly !” Flowering at the end of a slender stem four or five feet long, and fluttering in the draught of the opened door, it is so very like the insect from which it derives its name, that a person might well be pardoned for the mistake.

Oncidium Kramerianum, one of the many introductions of Mr. William Bull, is a species differing considerably from the older species, and coming from a different locality, viz., New Granada, while Oncidium Papilio is, we believe, exclusively confined to the West Indies ; the main difference being in the fringe that surrounds all parts of the flower, especially the lower lip, and the colours being much brighter. In cultivation the same treatment will be successful as that adopted for 0. Papilio.

All lovers of orchids would do well to visit Mr. Bull’s esta- blishment, as he has recently erected what may well be described

as a model orchid house, where all the latest suggestions as to the successful cultivation of this lovely and varied tribe of plants may he seen carried out ; and at the present time, when flowers are so scarce, there may he seen many of the most beautiful of the family in flower, affording another proof of the enterprise and skill which preside over this establishment.

Worthington G. Smith, del et lith

VmcentBrooks ,Day& Son , Imp

Plate 466.

BICOLOP PELARGONIUM— W. R. MORRIS.

When we some time since stated that the bicolor pelargoniums were likely to he more effective than the tricolors, many were incredulous as to the statement ; but another season’s experience has quite confirmed the opinion we then gave, while the great improvement that has taken place in the colouring of the leaves of the newer varieties will still further enhance their value as bedding plants.

The gentleman after whom the variety now figured is named has been the great pioneer in the advance made : he was the raiser of Egyptian Queen, Southern Belle, Sybil, &c. ; and if these have been surpassed, as they undoubtedly have been, by such varieties as Crown Prince, Bed Ping, Cleopatra, and the one now figured, to him must be given the merit of having hit upon a strain which has produced such results.

We have also seen during the past season, and indeed grow in our own garden, some varieties raised in the West of England by Mr. Sampson, of Houndstone and Yeovil Nurseries, which are undoubtedly very fine in character ; Beauty of Houndstone and Duke of Edinburgh being especially so. The most successful raisers and exhibitors in this class have, however, undoubtedly been Messrs. Downie, Laird, and Laing, to whom we are in- debted for the opportunity of figuring W. P. Morris; at the great special show for Pelargoniums they took the first prize for the best six, and second and third for single varieties, these plants being the admiration of all who saw them.

W. B. Morris has the leaf ground of bright golden yellow with a well-defined red bronze zone, foliage smooth and of great substance, shape nearly approaching perfection, and for exhi- bition purposes it is unequalled. It was awarded the first prize (open to all England) at the special show held at Kensington in May last, and has obtained several first-class certificates.

467

Plate 467.

DAHLIA— FANNY GAIR.

In according a place to the Dahlia in the first part of a new volume, we are giving expression to our belief that it is still one of the noblest and grandest of our autumnal flowers, and deserving of far more extended favour than it at present enjoys ; but when every part of the garden is filled up with bedding plants, no place is found for it ; and yet at a time of the year when Calceolarias are things of the past, when Geraniums are all leaves, and Verbenas completely draggled, the Dahlia stands forth full of beautiful and varied colours, not so elegant as the Gladiolus, but more enduring. We conceive that no garden ought to be without them.

It is much to be regretted that the discontinuance of the Crystal Palace autumnal show has deprived the lovers of autumnal flowers of almost the only opportunity of seeing them in or about London, and we fear that it will still further tend to the depreciation of the flower ; for, strange as it may appear, it is nevertheless true, that no sooner does a flower cease to come before the public, than it ceases to enjoy its popularity.

Mr. Charles Turner, of Slough, and Mr. John Keynes, of Salisbury, are still the two chief purveyors of new varieties, and to the former of these gentlemen we are indebted for the flower from which our drawing was taken. Fanny Gair is one of those beautiful tipped varieties of which Mr. Turner has already given us some fine examples ; the ground colour is pure white, and

the tip of each petal heavily margined with bright violet purple, the form of the flowers is perfect and the centre remarkably well filled ; it will he unquestionably one of the leading flowers of the year.

"Worthington. G Smith, del . et lith

468

|

i

Vincent Brooks .Day &Scm , Imp

Plate 468.

FUCHSIAS— CLARISSA AND CHAMPION.

That the Fuchsia has to some extent shared in the neglect with which florists’ flowers have of late years been treated, is a fact which many of us deplore ; for in the summer and autumn months there is no plant which tends more to the adornment of the conservatory and greenhouse, its profuseness of bloom and its length of endurance making it peculiarly desirable for such purposes; and the many beautiful varieties which have been introduced of late years make a charming variety. Amongst those who have, notwithstanding its general neglect, encouraged the raising of new varieties is Mr. W. Bull, of King’s-road, Chelsea. In addition to those now figured, we find that a large number of new and valuable sorts are to be sent out by him in the ensuing spring.

The cultivation of the Fuchsia is too well understood to require any detailed directions ; those who have the space for it will do well to grow both old and young plants, the former producing an immense quantity of bloom for cut flowers, the latter forming the neatest plants for decorative purposes ; it only needs to he borne in mind that the Fuchsia rejoices in a light rich soil and in frequent syringings during its period of growth, in order to keep down the attacks of red spider, to which it is very subject.

Clarissa (fig. 1) has the sepals of pure white, with a slight

greenish tip to each. The corolla is very peculiar, being of a pretty light purplish-pink, white in the centre of each division, and margined with crimson lake. Champion (fig. 2) has the sepals of bright scarlet, and the corolla, which is very large, brilliant-shaded plum, giving the plant a very grand appearance.

469

Plate 469.

PENSTEMONS— AGNES LAING AND STANSTEAD SURPRISE.

Hardy herbaceous plants are receiving more attention than they have done for years ; amongst other indications of this we may mention the fact that at the Great Provincial Show of the Royal Horticultural Society, to be held at Oxford, prizes are offered for Penstemons, Antirrhinums, Phloxes, &c., in pots. Whether this is quite judicious may be questioned, but it shows at any rate that attention is being drawn to them.

We have figured in previous volumes some groups of the useful and long-flowering Penstemons, of which Messrs. Hownie, Laird, and Laing have been the principal cultivators in the neighbourhood of London ; and we have now in those figured in our plate an advance, as may be seen in referring to our former figures, both in the habit and colour of the flowers : in the habit, because they are more compact in their spikes of bloom, the individual flowers not being so far from each other as in those which we have formerly figured ; and in the colour, because the ground is so much purer. In fact they are quite equal to the best of the continental varieties, and are in consti- tution probably superior.

Agnes Laing (fig. 1) is a flower of a peculiarly bright and pleasing shade of rose ; the contour of the flower is excellent, and the white exceedingly pure. Stanstead Surprise (fig. 2) is of a pleasing shade of lively purple and with a pure white

ground and throat. On a visit paid to the nursery of Messrs. Downie, Laird, and Laing, at Stanstead Park, some time since, we saw a large quantity of seedlings of this pretty herbaceous plant, and we have no doubt that we have not yet reached the perfection which they will attain ; and amongst those to whom we look for still further improvement, is the eminent firm to whose courtesy we are indebted for the opportunity of figuring those in our present plate.

t

470.

Vincent Crocks, Day &Scsn, Imp.

Worthington G.SimtVi, del. a, hth.

I.Reeve &Co. 5, Henrietta St. Covent Garden .

Plate 470.

CHRYSANTHEMUMS— GLOBOSA AND BEAUTY OF STOKE.

Probably there has not been any season of late years so favourable to the flowering of the Chrysanthemum as the one that has just 'closed ; those in the open ground and in pots were equally good, and probably a fresh stimulus will be given to their growth by the success of this season.

Mr. John Salter, of the Versailles Nursery, Hammersmith, has again brought forward a considerable number of valuable varieties, but the great run has been upon the Japanese section, so remarkable for the size and curious appearance of their flowers, some of which we hope to figure next month. Of the Chinese section he has ten new varieties, while pompones seem quite to have been neglected by the raisers of new kinds ; they are as follows : Duke of Edinburgh (Ball), a large incurved

flower, rosy lilac, with light centre. Marginata (Salter), large anemone flower, lilac blush, edged with rose and rose centre. Miss Hope (Pethers), delicate lilac, shading off to white in the centre, finely incurved. Mrs. Wreford Major (Salter), dark rose, very close and compact, fine flower. Meyerbeer (Downton), rose-purple and light back, finely incurved. Norma (Lord Elliott), ivory white, short, stiff petal ; very dwarf habit and fine. Ondine (Salter), cream tipped, rosy lilac, fine incurved flower. Princess Louise (Teesdale) anemone flowered, delicate rosy blush, fine high centre, and those figured in our plate.

Globosa (fig. 1), a fine flower, raised by Mr. Downton, of a very dark Indian red, dwarf in habit ; the flower is of peculiarly globular form, somewhat the shape of that well-known variety Little Harry, and altogether a great acquisition. Beauty of Stoke (fig. 2), raised by Mr. Eundle, is a large orange-yellow flower, finely incurved and well up in the centre. Mr. Salter is about to leave the premises he has made so famous, as the all-absorbing railway has taken the place. Where he will be situated he does not yet know.

4/1*472,

Yorthington 0 Smith ddet lith

L Reeve & CoS Henriem St Covent Garden

Vincent Brooks .Day&Son. Imp

Plates 471, 472.

BERTALONIA PRIMUL^FLORA.

When we were in the autumn of 1868 visiting the well- known establishment of Mons. Linden, at the Jardin Zoolo- gique at Brussels, we were struck, amongst other things, by the brilliant appearance of a new 'Bertalonia, and we were glad to hear some time afterwards that it had passed into the hands of Mr. W. Bull of Chelsea, in whose establishment for new and rare plants it has been flowering during the past autumn.

The species of this comparatively new genus, which have been of late years introduced, have been remarkable for the character of their foliage. Bertalonia guttata , and more espe- cially B. margaritacea, with its pearl-like spots on the surface of its velvety leaves, are attractive plants ; but the plant we have now figured, while possessing much the same character of foliage, is still more attractive, owing to the beauty and pro- fusion of its flowers. The leaves of the plant are of a beautiful dark green, and underneath reddish purple, very velvety in their texture, and with some very minute spots towards the base. They spread out from the centre, and form a neat habited dwarf plant. From its centre arise clusters of flowers of a clear soft rose colour, rising well above the foliage, and produced in great profusion.

The ordinary stove treatment is that which is needful for this plant. It is by no means of difficult cultivation where there are the usual facilities a stove affords ; and as it seems to

bloom in tlie autumn it will be the more valuable, when flowers are comparatively scarce.

It was introduced by M. Linden from the State of Ecuador ; and we find, amongst other notices, the following from our contemporary the Gardener s Chronicle , in a description of Mr. Bull’s establishment: “The plant is a neat, compact grower, and produces its clear, soft rose-coloured flowers in great profusion. It is a fine introduction to our stoves from Ecuador.”

Vinoent Brooks D av&Son Imp

Worthington G. Smith del.ei

L Reeve feCo.SHeindetta St. Covent Garden

Plate 473.

NOSEGAY PELARGONIUM— STANSTEAD

RIVAL.

Any doubts that may have existed with regard to the value and beauty of Nosegay Pelargoniums, are now fast disappearing under the influence of the new and remarkable flowers that the last few years have produced. Size of truss, a better form of flower, and increased depth of colour, all combine to add beauty to the blooms, while all this has been obtained without any sacrifice of constitution, many of the newer varieties equalling, if not excelling, in this respect, the older sorts, while for bed- ding purposes they are, from their profuseness of bloom com- bined with their other good qualities, very great favourites.

Messrs. Downie, Laird, and Lang, of Stanstead Park and Edinburgh, have been the most successful growers and exhi- bitors, and we have again taken one of their flowers as showing the advance that has been made. We last year figured Robert Rowley, a flower which has since justified all that has been said in its praise ; and we are inclined to think that Stanstead Rival will, in a different shade of colour, be equally valued. It will be seen that it is of a very deep shade of crimson, and there is a violet purple hue shot over it, which it is impossible for an artist to give ; the truss is of immense size, and the plant is a very abundant bloomer.

Although the chief value of the Nosegay Geranium is as a bedder, yet it is also very effective as a pot plant ; we have seen fine plants grown from cuttings, but as a rule older plants will

make better specimens. They should be shaken out of the mould early in spring, cut back, and then started into growth ; it will not do to pot them in too rich soil, as this induces an over- luxuriant growth, and for the same reason we prefer to under- pot them. They should be kept near the glass so as not to be drawn up, and in an equable temperature, where they will not be exposed to draughts. This fine flower, with others of the same class, will be distributed in the spring.

474

L Reeve k Co. S.Hennetta Sx Covent Garden

Plate 474.

JAPANESE CHRYSANTHEMUMS— SOL AND

SULTAN.

Opinions are still very much divided as to the value of this class of flowers. How can you possibly see anything to admire in such loose, ragged flowers ?” is frequently the question we are asked ; while, on the other hand, there are many who will with ourselves appreciate them for their show}'- character, and also for their coming into bloom and continuing in bloom later than the ordinary chrysanthemums. We have had them this year, without taking any particular care of them, in bloom until the beginning of February, and in places where there are more appliances we doubt not they could be had in bloom until the end of that month or the beginning of March.

Having had the opportunity of blooming the best of the varieties sent out by Messrs. Salter and Son last autumn, we are enabled to decide as to their character, and we have found the following in our opinion to be the best. Dr. Masters: a most distinct and showy flower ; it changes considerably from the period of its opening, the centre being then yellow, but after- wards becoming red, and the petals, which are at first red, being then tipped with yellow. James Salter : a flower of immense size, of a clear lilac or mauve colour ; the petals being twisted about in a most extraordinary manner. As a plant for deco- rating a conservatory, it has no equal in its class. The indi- vidual flowers remain a long time in bloom. Hero of Mag dala : a very remarkable flower, the petals red, and orange buff on the

reverse, and from the manner in which the petals twist about the flowers have the appearance of being two-coloured. Regalia : orange striped, red, very showy ; the petals have a tendency to incurve.

Of the flowers now figured, Sol (fig. 1), the upper figure in the plate, is a bright golden yellow with tolerably broad petals, the petals having an upward tendency. Sultan (fig. 2) is a curiously twisted flower of a light lilac colour, the reverse of petals being darker, and thus giving a shading to the flower. They are from the unrivalled collection of Messrs. Salter and Son.

475 et 476

Worthington G Smith, F.L S del et lilh.

L Reeve & Co 5 HenmUA Sr. Covent Garden

Vmi'int BrooksDay&Svn Imp

Plates 475, 476.

HIPPEASTRUM LEOPOLD!

It will not have been forgotten that some two or three years ago, a new Hippeastrum was exhibited by the Messrs. Yeitch, of Chelsea, which excited a good deal of admiration we mean Hippeastrum pardinum, which we figured in our sixth volume, plate 344. It was one of the introductions of the late Mr. Pearce, collector of Messrs. Veitch & Son, of Chelsea, whose premature death, as he was on the way to South America, in the employ- ment of Mr. W. Bull, was so much lamented by the horticultural world. We have now the pleasure of figuring another of his introductions, excelling the former one in size and equally re- markable for its colouring.

Hippeastrum Leopoldi was obtained from the same habitat, Peru, by Mr. B. Pearce, and he always considered it a most valuable species. It did not flower until the present year, when it fully confirmed all that he had said of it ; and when, on the occasion of the visit of his Majesty the King of the Belgians to London last autumn, an exhibition was rapidly got together at the Eoyal Horticultural Society’s Gardens in his honour, the Messrs. Yeitch exhibited it, and requested that it might be named Leopoldi, a permission which was at once courteously granted.

It were needless work, so accurate is the drawing which our artist has made, to give any lengthened description of this striking flower ; the ground colour it will be seen is a creamy white, the colour of the large blotches in each petal are purplish rose, being

irregularly spotted towards the extremity of the blotch, which covers about two-thirds of the petal. It will afford a striking contrast to some of the more deeply coloured varieties both of this genus and Amaryllis.

Like its ally, Ilippeastrum pardinum, the plant will require a warm house, and will grow readily in a mixture of peat, sandy loam, and leaf mould with sand ; but we fear it will be some time before the public in general will have an opportunity of growing it, for it must necessarily for a long time be a scarce plant.

Plate 477.

ONCIDIUM VARICOSUM, VAR. ROGERS! I.

Some very fine species of yellow flowering Oncidiums have lately been shown at the London Exhibitions, and not only for their intrinsic beauty, but also for their season of flowering, have deservedly attracted the attention of that increasing number of horticulturists whose means enable them to gratify a taste for growing this most varied, singular, and beautiful tribe of plants. Amongst these recent introductions we may safely note as one of the most desirable that which we now figure.

This Oncidium was first exhibited in London,” says Mons. H. C. Reichenbach fils, the most eminent authority on the subject, in November or December, 1808, under the name of Oncidium Rogersii. The flowers are quite as splendid as those of Oncidium 'pectinate and Oncidium Marshallianum. The habit, we are informed, is similar to that of the old Oncidium bifolium, and the number of flowers produced on a single panicle in a well grown example not less than 170! There can be no doubt that it is one of the best of recently introduced orchids, and all the more valuable for its flowering season. It has recently bloomed in a high state of perfection with Messrs. Veitch.”

We have ourselves seen the beautiful plant of Messrs. Veitch, from which the drawing was taken by our artist, and it would be of course utterly impossible to give a correct notion of its extreme beauty, when so small a portion of it can be placed on

our plate. But he lias most faithfully rendered it, and it will be seen that the deep clear yellow of its flowers fully justifies all that Mons. Beichenbach has said of it. Its cultivation differs in no respect from that of its congeners.

478

Plate 478.

VERBENAS— KATE LAWDEN, RISING SUN, AND REV. J. DIX.

As a bedding plant the Verbena has during the last two seasons fallen into disfavour. The great heat of the atmosphere and dryness of the soil have been fatal to it, while in many cases a disease, as mysterious in its origin and as incurable as the potato disease, has largely affected it. One of the largest growers of Verbenas that we are acquainted with has attempted to battle with it for some years, but has failed. His plants when put out are all that can be wished, but afterwards go off in a manner which is very trying to one who has taken great pains to have his beds in good order.

But as a pot plant the Verbena is gaining favour, and no one whohas inspected the splendid flowers exhibited by Mr. C. J. Perry can fail to see how admirably they are adapted for the purpose, and we therefore select from his new batch of seedlings three for our present plate. Kate Laioden (fig. 1) is a beautifully pure white flower, with pale-pink ring and a small yellow eye. Rising Sun (fig. 2) is a glowing orange red, with a small white eye and deep maroon ring. Rev. Joshua Dix (fig. 3) is a blush-coloured flower, with deep rose centre, large well-shaped pip, good truss, and in every respect first-rate. Besides these, the following seedlings of Mr. Perry will be sent out by Mr. Charles Turner, of Slough, during the present month : Ada King, white, with pink zone ; Rutterjlg, flesh-coloured, with crimson ring; Edwin Ray, scarlet, pale eye ; Joseph Sanders , deep red, with lemon eye ;

Mrs. Bay, pure white, with pale ring and yellow eye ; Rev. JP. M. Smythe, crimson violet self ; Rev. S. Reynolds Hole, pale mauve, slightly shaded with purple ; Rickard H. Verteyans, deep shaded plum ; Thomas Hyatt , clear red, shaded in the centre, pale eye ; and Thomas Lawden, rosy pink, with crimson eye. Many of these have obtained certificates, and will, we believe, maintain Mr. Perry’s character as a raiser of Verbenas.

Worthington G.Smith dei.etlitn. Vincent 3roohs D ay&Son Imp

L Reeve &Cc ^.Henrietta St Covent Garden

Plate 479.

PSYCHOTRIA CYANOCOCCA.

The desire after novelties in all classes of the vegetable kingdom has led to the introduction of plants remarkable for various characters, some for the gorgeousness or singularity of their flowers, some for the size or variegation of their leaves, and others for the brilliant colouring of their fruits. Solanums are largely used for the decoration of houses. The Aucuba comes into use largely for the same purpose, and the plant which we now figure will we doubt not be found an acceptable addition to those previously in cultivation, from the eminently beautiful colour of its berries.

We are indebted to Mr. William Bull, of Chelsea, for the opportunity of figuring this plant. It was sent to him from Chontales in Nicaragua, by Dr. Seeman, the distinguished botanist, who in writing of it says, after alluding to the fact that many hunters after novelties have hitherto considered the Psychotria unworthy of attention : If one could but dig up one of the numerous bushy specimens crowded with fruit by which I am here surrounded, and send it to one of the horticul- tural shows, I have no doubt what the Floral Committee would be forced to do ; remember also that they fruit in the depth of winter, when colour is highly acceptable, and you will have no reason to grudge it a place in your collection.”

Neither the foliage nor flower of this Psycliotria are of any mo- ment, but the berries are of the most intense ultramarine blue; they are produced in clusters of about thirty-five or forty, and

are very abundant on the plant. It is an easily grown stove plant, requiring no particular care, and flourishing in a mixture of peat, loam, and sand ; it is now being distributed by Mr. Bull, and will find its way, we doubt not, into many collections of rare and beautiful plants.

480

G h^evefc Go dHeimetta. St Covent Garden

Worthington G. Smith del.etlith.

Vincent Brooks. D ay & Son Imp

Plate 480.

GAILLARDIA PICT A, VAR. SPLENDID A.

We very rarely now see any particular attention given to a class of plants which in former years used to be very popular ; we mean the hardy and half-hardy annuals. Many of them were no doubt evanescent in character ; but there were large numbers which were exceedingly beautiful, gave great density of colour, and were well adapted for adding to the beauty of bouquets. So far has this gone, that even the sweet-scented flowers, with which most persons are pleased, the mignionette and the sweet-pea are banished, as no place can be found for them in the system of bedding out which now so universally prevails. Asters, stocks, and a few others are cultivated, but many of our older favourites are quite passed by.

We think that it cannot be denied that this wholesale rejec- tion of annuals is to be deplored, and we cannot but hope that some day they may be again restored to favour ; we therefore figure a variety of the old Gaillardia picta, which has been introduced by Mr. William Bull. We believe it to be of French origin, and although only an annual, we are sure it must meet with the approval of those who love beautiful flowers. It will be seen that while bearing a great similarity to the older type, it is more brilliant in colouring and larger in flower.

Although generally treated as annuals, yet as they are some- times inclined to sport from seed, many persons treat them as herbaceous plants ; and where the soil is damp and cold, and therefore some risk is run in leaving out the plants in winter,

cuttings may be taken in the autumn, and put into a cold pit, to be planted out in the following spring, when the soil is warmer and the selection better. They may be divided in the spring, or cuttings may be struck under a hand-glass in the summer ; for this purpose one of Mr. Rendle’s circular hand- glasses will be found both convenient and useful.

481.

Vincent Brooks .Day&Son. Imp

"Worthington G Smith,? L S. del. et lith

L R,eeve & Co.S.Hennetta Sx Govern Garden

Plate 48].

MASDEVALLIA VEITCHII.

This most singular looking orchid, both from its peculiarity of form and its brilliancy of colour, has attracted a good deal of attention during the past year ; and therefore, although it has been already figured in the Botanical Magazine, we have thought it well to give a figure of it; in fact, when it first appeared, two years ago, a drawing was made of it by our artist, but owing to the press of other matters was left on one side. A few months ago the plant was exhibited in so much better con- dition than on any previous occasion that a figure of it was again made, and, as in the case of other plants, notably Antliurium Scher zerianum, it has so much improved under cultivation that it will, we doubt not, be a general favourite when it becomes more common.

We are informed by Mr. H. J. Veitch that this curious orchid requires a cool orchid house for its successful cultiva- tion, that in fact, a moist, shady odontoglossum house would best suit it ; and that the soil most adapted for it is a mix- ture of sphagnum, silver sand, and pieces of pot broken small, or charcoal. When growing it also likes a good deal of moisture. Our specimen plant bloomed three times in the course of last year, each time with ten or eleven blooms, and I took it ' with me to St. Petersburg, so that the plant is not a difficult

We may add that it attracted a great deal of attention at the International Exhibition at St. Petersburg, as it has done indeed wherever exhibited at home, and that it has received first-class certificates from the Royal Horticultural and Royal Botanical Societies. At present the plant is scarce, and conse- quently high in price.

Worthington G. Smith,!' L S.del et lith

L Reeve &Co.5.Hetmei.taS'C.Covent Garden.

VmcentBroolrs.Day &■ Son.lmp

Plate 482.

HYACINTH— LORD MELVILLE.

The past season has not been so favourable for Hyacinths as the preceding one, and although the bulbs as imported from Holland appeared to be, as usual, sound and good, yet they did not produce the same grand blooms as in the preceding year. It was fortunate that the year when the Dutch growers offered such liberal prizes was a good one, as it enabled them to see what success attends the culture of the bulb in England.

While, however, we say this, we do not mean to intimate that the blooms were indifferent ; it is only by way of comparison we note it. Those exhibited by Messrs. Cutbush and Son, of Higligate, maintained the supremacy that this firm has obtained in the culture of the Hyacinth. For a few years Mr. W. Paul tried to come into the foremost place, but his complete defeat last year was the signal of his retirement from a hopeless con- test, and this year he did not appear as a competitor in any of the classes, and no other grower had any prospect of coming near Mr. Cutbush.

The classes for new Hyacinths did not produce any more re- markable flower than that which we have figured, differing very much as it does both in the form of the flower and shape of the spike from many others. It is not so densely crowded as in such flowers as Lord Palmerston and others which we have figured ; but as it is quite new, higher cultivation may perhaps cause the flower to fill up more. The colour is of an intense deep purplish black, with a decided black stripe down

the centre of each petal ; the individual pips are large, and altogether the flower is one which, notwithstanding its ex- ceptional character, will make a fine variety in the home-stage and the exhibition table. It was exhibited by Messrs. Cutbush and Son, to whom we are indebted for the opportunity of figuring it.

483.

Vincent, BrochaDay & Son, imp

Worthington G. Smith F L S del et. lith

L Reeve &Co.5.Hennetta St Covent Garden

Plate 483.

HYBRID PERPETUAL ROSE— MARQUISE DE

MORTMARTE.

After a lengthened and most trying winter, we are at length beginning to see the rose again coming forward, and those who, like Mr. George Paul, of Cheshunt, or Mr. Yeitch, of Chelsea, gladden us with a sight of roses in pots, are deserving of our warmest thanks. We have not as yet heard what has been the general effect of the season on the out-of-door roses, but judging from our own garden we are inclined to think that, especially to those on the Manetti, it has not been so injurious as we might have supposed ; it has doubtless caused a good deal of diseased wood to make its appearance, but a vigorous application of the knife will remedy that, and it does not seem to us that the frost has been fatal to many.

We are constantly beset with inquiries as to which are the best roses of last season, and our invariable reply has been that we must wait for another season to fairly judge of those which we had not seen abroad. There are always some which give promise of being good, and if they continue to do so for the second season, we may reasonably hope that they will prove valuable additions ; such a rose we believe Marquise de Mort- marte to be. When shown last year it was set down as one of the best of the new roses, the colour was a desirable one, and the form promised well. Mr. C. Turner obtained a first-class certificate for it. Mr. George Paul, of Cheshunt, has this year exhibited a bloom which fully bears out the character it has

already acquired, and we are indebted to him for the op- portunity of figuring it. It will be seen that it is a large, well-formed rose, of a delicate French white colour, and the centre with a peculiarly beautiful salmony pink tint ; it is a colour much required, while in form it excels those of any similar colour.

484.

L Jleeve 8; Co.5.Heametfca St.Covent Garden

Worthington & Simth.T.L S.del et lith

Vincent Brooks. Day AScnlnip

Plate 484.

TREE PICOTEE— PRINCE OF ORANGE.

The decoration of the greenhouse or conservatory in winter is one of those objects which form the especial care of every good gardener ; flowers are so much more valuable then than in summer, that everything that can add to their number is gladly welcomed. Of late years a most valuable addition has been made in the Tree Carnations and Picotees, which, for their persistence and the fragrance of their blooms, have been greatly valued. They are being improved every year, and in the variety now figured we have one which, in form and beauty of marking, rivals those which have been hitherto recognised as Florists’ flowers.

The culture of the Tree Carnation and Picotee, as carried on by our most successful growers, may be stated simply to be this : Cuttings are taken off the plants in February and placed in heat ; these will rapidly take root, and, as soon as practicable, should be potted off singly in a compost of loam, leaf mould, and some well rotted manure ; when the warm weather sets in, say about the beginning of May, they should be placed out of doors. Some persons prefer growing them on in pots, while others prefer planting them out in the open ground ; a stake should be placed to each, and the plants as they grow be trained to them, for, as it is desirable to get them on to a single stem, all tendency to a bushy growth should be avoided. As the autumn approaches, the plants should be marked round with

the spade, so that they may not feel the lifting” when they are taken up. This should be done at the end of August, and, if potted into pots about six inches across, will make valuable blooming plants for the winter months.

Prince of Orange was raised by Mr. Perkins, of Leamington : it has been largely exhibited, and has obtained first-class certifi- cates. It is of a very vigorous and robust habit, and altogether by far the best plant of this section that we have seen.

485

Worthington G Smith, delet lith

I.Reeve &. Co. 5, Henrietta St. Covent, Garden

Vincent Broolss DayfeSonJmp

Plate 485.

ONCIDIUM CRISP ITM GRANDIFLORUM.

We .'ire indebted to Mr. William Bull, of the King’s Boad, Chelsea, who has lately greatly extended his orchid culture, for the opportunity of figuring this fine variety of Oncidium, which has been so faithfully rendered by our artist Mr.